Silsiladda Heshiisyadii Qabaailka Somaliland la Galeen Britain – Heshiiskii 1aad 1827
Heshiiski 1aad – 1827
Heshiis saaxiibtinimo iyo nabadgalyo ayaa dhex maray J. J. Gordon oo ah kabtan ciidanka Boqorka u mattallaya ummadda England iyo Shuyuukhda Qabiilka Habar Awal , 1827
Waxa lagu heshiiyay in hadda laga bilaabo nabad iyo saaxiibtinimo dhex marto labada dhinac …..
Waxaa lagu heshiiyay in Markab kasta oo sitta calanka England uu iman karo dakkadda Berbera ( amma dakkad kasta oo kale oo hoos timaad awoodda Habar Awal ) markabkaas oo u socoda ujeeddo ganacsi iyo inaan maarkiibta la boobin amma la dhaawicin …….
Sidoo kale, waxaa lagu heshiiyay in Markab kasta amma qof kasta oo ku abtirsada Shuyuukhda Habar Awal ay iman karaan dakkad kasta oo uu leehahay Boqorka England ……
Qodabka 4 aad
Waxaa lagu heshiiyay in Shuyuukhda Habar Awal bixiyaan xoolo u dhigma qiimaha Markab xarbi ah oo la yidhaa Marianne iyo kaargoogii saarnaa oo lagu bililiqaystay dakkadda Berbera , xoolahaana in gacanta laga soo galiyo Kaptain J. J. Gordon amma ciddii kale ee uu wakiisho …..Xoolahaa oo lagu qiimeeyay 1,5000 oo Dollarka Spanishka ayaa lagu bixindoona 3 dufcadood oo middiiba tahay 5,000 oo Dollar oo la bixindoon sannadan 1827 oo ku began sanndaka Hijrah ee 1242, iyo in lacagta inta hadhan la bixiyo labada sannadood ee soo socda , iyo in xoolahan la bixiyo ka hor intaanu dhammaaan xilliga ganacsiga ee bisha April amma maalinta 200aad ee Nawrooska.
Laba bad-mareen oo ka tirsanaa Markab xarbi ah loo yiqiin Marianne ayaa geeriyooday ka dib markii la boobay markabkaas, sidaa awgeed Shuyuukhda Habar Awal waxay ogolaadeen inay magtan bixiyaan iyadoo la raacayo axkaamta Diinta Mohammadiya ee arrinkan la xidhiidha.
Heshiiskan waxaa lagu saxeexay Berbera , oo Africa ku taaal, manta ooy taariikhdu tahay 6 dii February 1827 oo ku beegan 01 Bisha Rajab 1242.
Waxaa Saxeexay :
J. J. Gordon Bremer , M. E. Bagnold
Markhaati: Shurmarkay Ali Sauleh
Waxaa Saxeexay :
Ismail Geela , Omar Kadim, Hussein Ban and Ismail Goled oo Shuyuukhda Habar Awal ah
Waxaa Dhaqan Galiyay: Xukuumadda Bombay May 1828
La Soco: Qaybta 2aad
Waxaa soo ururiyay: Xasan Cabdi Yuusuf
ARTICLES OF FRIENDSHIP and COMMERCE made between.
J. J. GORDON BREMER, ESQ., C.B , CAPTAIN of His BRI-
TANNIC MAJESTY’S SHIP Tamar, representing the ENGLISH
NATION in NORTHERN AFRICA, and the SHEIKHS of the
TRIBE of HABR OWUL, 1827.
It is agreed that from henceforth there shall be peace and friendship
between the subjects of His Majesty the King of England and the Sheikhs
of the Habr Owul tribe and their men and all other inhabitants of the coast
of Africa over which they have authority and influence.
It is agreed that any vessels bearing the English flag which may come
to the port of Berbera (or any other port under the authority of the Sheikhs
of the Habr Owul tribe) for the purpose of trade shall not be molested or
injured, but shall receive every protection and support from the said Sheikhs ,
that they shall be at liberty to enter into any trade they may think fit to
choose , and that they shall be at liberty to depart from the said port at their
pleasure without impediment, injury, or molestation.
It is agreed that in like manner any vessels or persons belonging to the
said Sheikhs of Habr Owul tribe which shall come into any port belonging
to His Majesty the King of England shall receive protection and suppr rt,
and be treated in all respects the same as other vessels or persons trading to
It is agreed that as an equivalent for the value of the British Brig
Marianne and her cargo, which was plundered in the port of Berbera, there
shall be paid by the said Sheikhs of the Habr ‘Owul tribe to the said Captain
J, J. Gordon Bremer, C.B., or to some person duly authorized by him to
receive it, the sum of fifteen thousand Spanish Dollars, or produce to the
same amount, in three equal payments, that is to say, five thousand Dollars
or produce to that amount, this year 1827 and of the Hijra 1242, and the
same sum in each of the two following years, that is to say, on or before the
conclusion of the trading season in the month of April, or two hundreth
day of the Nowroz.
VOL XIII ’02 *
196 Somaliland and Shoo. Somali land (Taj our a) No. LXXXV. Part III
Two lascars belonging to the British Brig Marianne having been killed
when the said vessel was plundered and destroyed, the Sheikhs of the Habr
Owul tribe do hereby agree to pay the sum of
Dollars for the support of the families of the murdered men, according to
the Mahomedan law in such cases.
Confirmed and sealed at Berbera, in Africa, on the 6th day of
February in the year of our Lord^ Jesus Christ l82^ and of the Hijra
1242, the igtk day of the moon Rujub.
(Sd.) J. J. GORDON BREMER.
M. E. BAGNOLD.
Poltl. Agent, Witness.
SHURMARKAY ALJ SAULEH,
(Signed) by Ismail Gella for himself and Omar Kadim Hussin Ban and
Ismail Goled, Sheikhs of Habr Owul tribe.
Approved by the Bombay Government on icth May 1827.