Editorial – Abiye’s over-optimistic approach is not working, the Horn of Africa regional conflicts should be resolved !


The Emergence of Abiye and the dynamics of change in the Horn of Africa, civilized approach to Resolving the Regions Conflicts, aiming at path of progress and not The Other Around

Ever since Abiye Ahmed, the young energetic PM of Ethiopia took office, the Horn of Africa has witnessed an unprecedented geopolitical resurgence. In this region, things are normally habitually static and everything tends to remain as it used to be over the centuries. Noting gets done or rectified in this part of the world, but everything is undone and dismantled. That is why the region belongs to another century and does not belong to the 21 Century.

The emergence of the new Ethiopian leader represented the rise of new bright unknown star on the skies of the Region. The number of the valuable assets that he possesses to initiate and carryout the changes that the region urgently needs toward stability and progress are as follows: He is homegrown and home- trained leader, with vast and diversified exposure to the geopolitical events of the horn of Africa over the past quarter of centuries. This hands-on exposure has overshadowed his relatively young age and gave him the credentials to play the leading role in resolving the decade old geopolitical problems.

First and the most striking initiative of Abiye Ahmed is his revolutionary and bold approach to resolving the Ethiopian and Eritrean land dispute. He managed to resolved this conflict which cost half millions lives with a stroke of a pen. But where is the underlying secret; where does his strength commit from; how could this young man succeed where others failed. The answer is: confessing your mistake, giving away what is not yours –  no matter who much that thing is dear and close to your heart.

The resolution of the Ethiopian/Eritrean border dispute gave sense of hope to the aspirations of the people of the Region. We are of the opinion that other leaders of the Horn should at least borrow couple of pages from Mr Abiye book and mimic his derive and dire to take the first steps towards the direction of human progress and development, and not insisting on movement against the tides of history.

Notwithstanding the optimistic vision of the days ahead, yet it is obvious the tides of change have yet to make meaningful difference in the Horn of Africa.   The territorial dispute between Djibouti and Eritrean was not overcome despite the bold and sincere attempts made Abiye. The reason: the leaders of the region or at least some of them should learn from the strategic vision of the Ethiopian PM towards the strategic wellbeing of the entire region and not only his own domain.

Afwerkji of Eritrean and Ismail Geelle of Djibouti should grow to the point where they giveaway what is not theirs, they cannot be both correct, one of the two countries should cede the land they are unlawfully claiming. The sea border dispute between Somalia and Kenya could be resolved only and only if the two parties accept the adopt international conflict resolving norms, and refrain for beating the empty nationalist drums.

By the same token, Mr Farmaajo of Somali should accept the fact the People Somaliland’s inherent right to self-determination. Likewise, if the people of Somaliland decide to remain in the now defunct union, then Somaliland President, Muse Bihi Abdi, should accept the outcome of an internationally monitored referendum without hesitation.

In the case of Somaliland/ Somalia dispute, and all the others cases in the Horn, we have no alternative but to accept to resolve our differences in civilized manner. We are not supposed to reinvent the wheel, we have to start from where others ended. In order the arrive are mutually acceptable and WIN-WIN conclusion to the dispute involving the independent of Somaliland, we should adopt the following World-Renowned and proven Conflict Resolution Mechanisms:

  • Bilateral negotiations: which were tried in most cases, but has not been fruitful so far.
  • International mediation: friendly nations with proven expertise could mediate with the aim of arriving at lasting solution to the independence of Somaliland.
  • International Arbitration: The two parties of Somali and Somaliland will appoint several international lawyers who in turn will appoint their Chairperson, the decision the Arbitration Committee should final.
  • The ICC: The case should be referred to the international court of justice (ICC) . The ICC decisions are final and not subject to appeal.

Hassan Abdi Yousuf

Hargeisa, Somaliland

08 February 2019


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